Coronavirus has been spreading rapidly across the globe. As reported by WHO,there are now more than 307,000 confirmed cases of COVID-19 across the world affecting more than 180 countries and claiming more than 13,000 lives. Europe seems to be the centre of the crisis due to this pandemic. At the same time more Corona positive cases and deaths have been reported in several other countries too. As in India, the number of confirmed positive cases rises to 369 and the death toll stands at 7 as of March 22.
Social distancing, curfews, lockdowns, massive airport screenings and quarantines have become the norm across the globe.
The Coronavirus which was first identified in the Chinese city of Wuhan appears to be quite closely related to SARS(Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome).
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus which causes respiratory illness. The WHO has declared COVID-19 to be a Pandemic.
While people of all ages can be affected by the disease, people aged 60+ are at the highest risk of dying due to COVID-19, according to case records analysed by the Disease Control and Prevention Centers in China and South Korea. Victims of the virus with pre-existing medical conditions such as Cardiovascular Disease ,Diabetes and Lower Immunity Levels have a higher fatality rate than others.
The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is to be well informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes and how it spreads.
At this time, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19. However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments.
How It Spreads?
Coronavirus disease is a respiratory virus and not a food-borne one. The disease spreads through the respiratory droplets of the infected people.
It spreads primarily through contact with an infected person when they cough or sneeze. It also spreads when a person touches a surface or object that has the virus on it, then touches their eyes, nose, or mouth.
Symptoms Caused By COVID-19
Normally a Cough and cold could mean an allergy. A fever with cough and cold is a symptom of the flu.
But, when you have fever with a cough which is complicated by breathlessness, then you are under threat because it is a symptom of Coronavirus infection and that’s an Alarm for you to consult the Doctor,as early as possible. The more you delay the more you will risk your own life and other lives too.
Protection against COVID-19
Medical masks help prevent the spread of coronavirus infection. If worn properly, masks may be effective in preventing transmission of coronavirus.
Guidelines by the World Health Organization specify ways to reduce the risk of infection by-
Wash your hands regularly with a liquid hand-wash / soap and water, or clean them with alcohol-based hand rub.
Maintain at least 1 metre distance between you and people coughing or sneezing.
Avoid touching your face.
Cover your mouth and nose while coughing or sneezing.
Stay home if you feel unwell.
Refrain from smoking and other activities that weaken the lungs.
Practice Social/Physical Distancing by avoiding unnecessary travel and staying away from large groups of people.
Avoid taking any kind of medicine, anti-biotics or home remedies without consulting the doctor.
Don’t believe in rumors and don’t panic.
Don’t fall prey to any fake news spread on social media.
Don’t believe any stupid claims made by some random people to have any kind of herbal or divine medicine,as this is all Rubbish because at this time there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19.
(Note: Social/Physical distancing is the only way to break the chain of Coronavirus disease widespread.)
The COVID-19 pandemic is a global health and societal emergency that requires effective immediate action by governments, individuals and businesses. Governments should seriously commit to making available all necessary resources to combat COVID-19 with the minimum of delay and to ensure that medical and other essential goods are provided on time effectively and efficiently.