The Arab spring or Arab awakening was an uprooting phenomenon of many typical frameworks. The Jasmine revolution defeated the Euro-American centred assumptions of Africa and the Arab-Muslim world. This was a fragrant rebellion against political and academic verdicts that Africa is a dark continent and the Arab Muslims are uncivilized societies. It is quite natural that the liberal discourses become anxious and restless when it is said that Islam which is considered as the weak religion, is the backbone and strength of this revolution. The youths of the MENA region questioned the arguments of Fukuyama’s book (The End of History) which created a battle of America as the owner and the world as a slave. George W. Bush had declared that “either with America or with the terrorism”. The Jasmine revolution spread the possibilities beyond the two. The youths of the Middle East presented mind-boggling changes to the world famous historians and the elderly who always accused the youth as ‘good for nothing’. The Arab spring witnessed the biggest public participation ever in the history of the world. The French revolution which is considered as one of the biggest revolutions, only witnessed 2.5% of the public. But in Tahrir Square alone 27% of the public took part. Among them 80% were less than 30 years of age. The generation brought up by Hosni Mubarak, Gaddafi and Bin Ali engaged in protests on the streets and flounced away the tyrants.
The Green Book (Al-Kitab al Akhdar) was the book that was taught in all the schools and colleges of Libya by Colonel Muammar Ghaddafi. The youths who learned this book from their schools which contained the developmental concepts of Ghaddafi, they themselves became his slayers in the end. The same ruler who declared that he will hunt down the Islamists like hunting the mouse was himself captured like a rat by the students and youths of Libya and killed.
The cause of Jasmine revolution was due to a youth called Muhammed Boo Aseesi. The suicide of this youth who was a graduate flared up the Arab Spring. Even the white youths of America, Britain, France etc. had to imitate courage and bravery of the ‘uncivilized’ youths of Africa and Arabia for making their lives possible. The Wall Street protests gained strength in America and its allies where poverty and unemployment are on the increase daily through the pollination of the Arab Spring. We can also see the contradiction of the strengthening of democratic protests in the inner scaffolds of the Western nations who themselves are the exporters of the democratic lessons to the Middle East.
The Arab Spring is shaking the world in a circulatory nature. This historical turn of events didn’t happen all of a sudden when some youths took to the streets. Instead, the creative changes in the skirmish between the philosophies is what has taken place here. The world order which had only accepted the timeworn changes from Communism to Capitalism and from Capitalism to Marxism, the Arab Spring tested the Islamic ideology which gave salvation from this material chemistry. The Tahrir square, Taghyeer square, Jasmine Revolution and Move Azadi square were a warning to those who only analysed the entry of religion in public with fear and anxiety and to those who made the religion small by labelling it as ‘Terrorism’. Islam was able to set the trend of the retaliating youth through the interferences of the Islamic movements.
Arab Spring has turned out to be what has been the re-writing of the philosophy and culture of the youth. The huge presence of the youths is not only the factor that makes this revolution extraordinary. The culture of the youths too participated happily in the spring. All the symbols of the youth culture like the social networks (facebook, twitter etc.), communication devices like mobile, e-mail etc. songs, music, jokes, dances etc. played their roles.
Arab Spring has turned out to be what has been the re-writing of the philosophy and culture of the youth. The huge presence of the youths is not only the factor that makes this revolution extraordinary. The culture of the youths too participated happily in the spring. All the symbols of the youth culture like the social networks (facebook, twitter etc.), communication devices like mobile, e-mail etc. songs, music, jokes, dances etc. played their roles. The social network group called April 6 movement of the youths initiated the Tahrir square. It was led by WaelGhonaim, a youth of 25 years. After the formation of a virtual square in facebook and twitter lacs of people gathered in the Cairo city. Hosni Mubarak had blocked the satellite broadcasting of the channels in the beginning. He also jailed the journalists and reporters in order to stop the outside world from knowing of Egypt’s echo for change. At this time the news and photos of the revolution spread to the outside world through the mobiles. The youths made their 3G mobiles one of the biggest means of transferring information. They handed over the images of Tahrir square standing in queues for kilometres near the Al-Jazeera office. The media and the mobile which were criticized as the examples of the freak generation of the youth, were the weapons that brought down the three decade tyrant. They were using the technology knowingly. The promo-videos which clearly exposed the cruelties of Bin Ali and Mubarak were used to spread the message.
The biggest weapon in the Arab Spring was the music and songs. It was a musical revolution where the violin and guitar took over the centre stage instead of bombs and bullets that happened in Egypt, Tunisia and Yemen. In the past guerrilla warfare was used for freedom fighting and the West used atom bombs for their wars. But they were open struggles that happened in Middle East and North Africa. The Arab youth showed the guts to use the magical essence of music to re-write history in between the quarrels of the religious scholars who were discussing about the prohibition and permission of music in the Islamic world. The Arab youth used the poems of HashimRifa’ee and Mahmoud Darwesh, the Islamic rock songs of Sami Yusuf and Maher Zain and the rebel songs that gained popularity in Africa and Latin America as weapons for the liberation of their countries. The rocks and posts of Zain Bek, Ahmed Bukhari, Hamza Robertson etc. spread excitement into the revolution filled field. Muhammed Munir, who is known as the King of Jazz music was a lively presence in the Tahrir square. The people danced and sang instant poems and self-made songs against the rulers and tyrants.
The famous French writer Olive Roy has stated that the biggest democratic youth in the world is present in the Arab world. Though they were furious they didn’t take shelter in arms and weapons. Another aspect of this revolution was the spread of jokes against the rulers and autocrats. As youths usually get together to babble unnecessarily here the youths turned their chatters and babbles to a means of protest against the rulers. The intelligence agencies of Hosni Mubarak gave the report to him saying that two persons namely ‘Facebook’ and ‘Twitter’ are behind Tahrir square. At once Mubarak issued the warrant to arrest these two persons. This is only one among the many jokes spread in Tahrir square. In this way the revolutions that succeeded in these nations were the spring of the colourful new juvenility.
The western liberalist were bewildered when they came to know that the Islamist bloc had the most number of women candidates who got elected to the parliament. The Arab youth not only changed the rotten power structure of their own nations but also brought changes in the world order
Only two or three persons above the age of thirty were present in the committees controlling the Tahrir square and Tagyeer square. In the beginning Islamic movements including the Muslim Brotherhood were observers of the revolution. But the youth movement of the Brotherhood prepared to join the protest at the Tahrir square. Muslim Brotherhood joined the protests later on only after its youth movement became part of the revolution. The entry of Muslim Brotherhood into the protests made the routes more clear. All the youths of all political parties and religious organizations reached first at the Tahrir square. The youths of the Coptic assembly joined much before their elders came to the protests. Only after that the pastors of the Copts and their mother organizations came out with support for the revolution.
The Tahrir Square in Egypt and the Tagyir Square in Yemen witnessed in the beginning a huge presence and participation of young men and women and their organizations. The young men and women were the ones who brought FJP and Al-Nahda to power. When the voting percentage was analysed the youths who had received the voting rights recently were more compared to the adults. When efforts were made to hijack the free and fair elections the youths again came to the scene to declare protests and revolution. The increased presence of women was much noticed. In the Tagyeer Square in Yemen the protest was led by a 33 year old woman called Tawakkul Kerman. This participation was questioning the concepts of Muslim women and the hijab (head covering). The western liberalist were bewildered when they came to know that the Islamist bloc had the most number of women candidates who got elected to the parliament. The Arab youth not only changed the rotten power structure of their own nations but also brought changes in the world order. Arab Spring surged ahead in defeating the domination of America and Israel. The new world order ‘either with us or with the terrorists’ was totally changed by the Arab Spring.
A third place was sewed by the youth in North Africa and the Middle East. By defeating the Euro-American centric knowledge and political domination, the Arab Spring has made possible a more capable and strong world order instead of the anti-democratic content of the new world order. The stand of the Arab nations towards Palestine changed. The Qatar ruler himself came to Gaza. The Palestinian border of Egypt was wide open. The threat of America that it will veto the U.N membership of Palestine didn’t have much support like the old times. The Jewish nation envisioned by Israel centred in Egypt and the Arabian Gulf had only the lifespan of a dream. Among the changes in all other countries the regime change in Egypt is the strategically more important. Egypt is a nation which influences greatly in the literature, culture and politics in the African region. Therefore Tahrir square has a special significance, unlike other revolutionary squares. Egypt will continue exerting its influence in removing the blackened power structures in the Middle East and North Africa.
The youth who haven’t lost their responsive attitude have ignited the spark for the biggest mass revolution in the world. The Arab youth who were made to stand with Arab Nationalism, Ba’th Socialism, progress and reform are now in the changing lane. Those who were melting their lives in Cafes and night clubs are now quarrelling against the injustice. In fact they registered their protest not only against the puppet regimes but also against America and Europe who installed them. It is impossible for the Kings of the world who are conducting research to kill the most number of people using the smallest weapon to carry out a fragrant spreading revolution. What was impossible for the West and their philosophies have been made possible in the world by the ‘uncivilized’ people in the most civilized manner through the new technology. The democratic content that they hugged into their arms after that, is a ‘barbarian’ philosophy in the tone of West! The Arab youth declared that socialism and capitalism haven’t been able to bring development and eradicate unemployment and poverty to their nation and now it will be made possible by the Islamic movements. That is why they welcomed the Islamic movements with both hands; T-shirts and bags with the photos of Mursi and Ghanooshi were the most selling items among the youth; the new-born babies were called by the names of Facebook and twitter. Yes, the Arab youth haven’t still left the streets and squares. They are celebrating the event by sprinkling colour everywhere. They are not only celebrating the comeback of Rashid al-Ghanooshi and Yusuf al-Qardhawi, but the comeback of their own age and commitment.